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Transportation of oil and petroleum products

The policy with respect to transportation tariffs is determined by the government authorities in order to ensure a balance of interests between the government and all parties involved in the transportation process. The transportation tariffs of natural monopolies are established by the Federal Tariffs Service of the Russian Federation (FTS RF).

Tariffs depend on the transportation direction, delivery volume, distance to the destination and several other factors. Changes to tariffs depend on inflation as projected by the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, the need of transport infrastructure owners for capital investments, other macroeconomic factors as well as the payback period of economically substantiated costs incurred by natural monopolies.

Tariffs are revised by the FTS at least once a year, including tariffs for loading and unloading work, handling, shipment and other tariffs.

Average transportation cost per one tonne of oil for export, RUB/t
2014 2015 Change, %
OIL
Export
Pipeline 1 681 1 624 (3.4)
CIS
Pipeline 1 204 1 221 1.4
Transportation to oil refineries
Omsk Oil Refinery 509 428 (15.9)
Moscow Oil Refinery 972 1 006 3.5
Yaroslavl Oil Refinery 1 067 1 081 1.3
PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
Export from Omsk Oil Refinery
Petrol 2 401 2 759 14.9
Fuel oil 4 121 4 275 3.8
Diesel fuel 3 288 4 682 42.4
Export from Moscow Oil Refinery
Petrol 1 678 1 923 14.6
Fuel oil 1 523 2 537 66.6
Diesel fuel 1 720 1 915 11.3
Export from Yaroslavl Oil Refinery
Petrol 1 210 1 414 16.9
Fuel oil 1 659 1 826 10.1
Diesel fuel 1 530 1 819 18.9
Oil export distribution of Gazprom neft PJSC by non-cis and cis countries, %
2014 2015
Oil export distribution by non-cis and cis countries
Baltic Sea port — Primorsk 33.5 6.3
Druzhba pipeline 13.1 19.0
Novorossiysk port 22.9 31.4
Eastern Siberia-Pacific Ocean (ESPO) oil pipeline via the port of Kozmino 30.5 31.9
exported bypassing the Transneft system: 0.0 11.4
from the Prirazlomnoye field 0.0 8.3
from the Novoportovskoye field 0.0 3.1
TOTAL 100.0 100.0
Distribution of oil exports to cis countries
Belarus 100.0 95.5
Uzbekistan 0.0 4.5
Total 100.0 100.0