The Company’s priority business principles include maintaining a favourable environment and the sustainable use of natural resources. Gazprom Neft objectively assesses potential environmental risks and takes measures to prevent any negative impacts and to ensure environmental safety. The integrated environmental management system in place at the Company’s enterprises enables Gazprom Neft to adhere to this principle. In 2015, the Company underwent an audit that confirmed the system’s compliance with the requirements of the ISO 14001:2004 international standard.
When purchasing an asset, the Company conducts a comprehensive evaluation of its condition based on the requirements of national legislation concerning environmental protection and international standards that apply to such assets.
Gazprom Neft’s environmental protection strategy aims to achieve the following changes:
- improve the efficiency of the environmental management system;
- reduce specific environmental impact indicators;
- maintain biodiversity;
- the sustainable use of natural resources;
- engage in research activities to search for new effective environmental techniques and technologies;
- develop an environmental culture in management and production in addition to skills among contractor organisations.
The Company underwent an audit that confirmed the compliance of the environmental management system with the requirements of the ISO 14001:2004 international standard.
The Company implements projects to maintain biodiversity in the areas where it operates. In particular, Gazprom Neft is carrying out an indefinite corporate programme to preserve biodiversity on the basis of a list of types of flora and fauna that are indicators of the steady state of the marine ecosystems of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation based on instructions from the President of the Russian Federation on matters concerning the safe development of the Arctic.
|Oil exploration and production||Offshore projects||Oil refining||Logistics and sales|
|Carbon monoxide (CO)||140.5||2.8||0.2||0.2|
|Nitrogen oxides (NOx)||7.2||2.5||0.4||0.3|
|Sulphur dioxide (SO2)||94.2||0.4||0.7||0.7|
|Volatile organic compounds||57.0||0.5||4.7||10.3|
|Other gaseous and liquid substances||0.3||0.7||0.04||0.06|
Reducing air pollutant emissions is one of the top environmental objectives in the Company’s production activities. A large-scale programme that aims to modernise and rebuild the production facilities of Gazprom Neft’s oil refineries, increase the utilisation level of associated petroleum gas and manufacture products with top-notch environmental attributes plays a major role in achieving the Company’s objective.
The Company is developing projects for the efficient utilisation of associated petroleum gas (APG) directly in its production regions. In 2015, the APG utilisation level was 80.17% and total investment by Gazprom Neft in such projects amounted to RUB 27.7 billion.
Key APG utilisation projects in 2015 included the construction of Russia’s largest complex gas treatment plant (CGTP) at the Novoportovskoye field in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District. The unit is designed to compress, purify and dehydrate APG and utilise it by injecting back into the productive formation. The commissioning of the CGTP will make it possible to utilise up to 95% of APG at the Novoportovskoye field. The first phase of the CGTP is to be launched in early 2017. It will be able to treat up to 4 billion m3 of APG per year. The CGTP has design capacity of more than 7 billion m3 per year.
|Greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere, including:||13.3||12.4||12.7|
|direct greenhouse gas emissions||11.8||11.1||10.7|
|indirect greenhouse gas emissions||1.5||1.3||2.0|
As one of the largest companies in the Russian oil industry, Gazprom Neft is actively developing an action programme to reduce emissions, in particular emissions of greenhouse gas at its enterprises. The Company is committed to improving the effective management of risks related to carbon regulation and evaluates the direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions associated with its operations.
Gazprom Neft is implementing an action programme that aims to minimise its volume of water consumption, mitigate environmental risks in water resource conservation and improve the environmental condition of water bodies and their coastal areas. The Company regularly monitors water protection zones as well as surface water, groundwater and wastewater, assesses the bottom sediment conditions of surface water bodies in the areas where it operates and performs work to increase the volume of water utilised in water circulation and recycling systems.
Among the key projects in this area in 2015 was the construction of a unit to treat sulphuric and alkaline wastewater and process condensate as well as the Biosphera modern biological treatment complex at the Moscow Oil Refinery. The new unit is designed to remove sulphides and ammonia nitrogen from wastewater and will ensure the complex has top-notch environmental parameters. The Biosphera complex will use a final water purification technology that is unique to the Russian oil refining industry and removes 99% of contaminants. The use of a multi-stage biological treatment system will enable the plant to reduce water consumption by 60%, while 75% of the water will be recycled into the enterprise’s production cycle.
The Moscow Oil Refinery is the first Russian oil refinery to complete the disposal of all its accumulated oily waste. The refinery fulfilled this requirement three years earlier than required. Over five years, the refinery utilised more than 180,000 tonnes of oily waste and eliminated the facilities at which it had been stored. As a result, the enterprise freed up 15 hectares of land and reclaimed contaminated soil. The removal of open treatment facilities along with the disposal of all the accumulated waste will enable the Moscow Oil Refinery to reduce pollutant emissions to the atmosphere from these sources by 79%.
The Company’s industrial waste management system makes it possible to optimise waste flows, mitigate the environmental impact and reduce the economic cost of waste generation. The Company strives to maximise the possible use of large-tonnage waste in order to mitigate its environmental impact.
In 2015, Gazprom Neft completed research and development work aimed at improving the efficient use of drilling waste. Company specialists have developed technology to obtain environmentally friendly soil from drill cuttings that can be used for the subsequent reclamation of sludge pits. A state environmental expert review has given a positive assessment to this technology.
The Company is implementing comprehensive programmes to reclaim disturbed and contaminated land and sludge pits taking into account the climatic, hydrological, soil and vegetative conditions of the regions. The programmes feature an inventory of the land, an assessment of the soil contamination level and the selection of the most effective rehabilitation technology. As part of the reclamation process, work is performed to remove dead wood, collect oily liquids and conduct the technical and biological stages of reclamation. Gazprom Neft annually conducts an assessment of the quality of environmental restoration work, including chemical and analytical monitoring.
The Company is committed to reducing pipeline failure rates and the area of contaminated land. In order to meet these objectives, Gazprom Neft has employed a project since 2014 called ‘Clean Territory’ that includes measures involving diagnosis, reconstruction, targeted repairs, inhibiter protection and corrosion monitoring. Thanks to the project, the number of failures over this period was 12% less than the projected level. A total of 442 km of pipelines were replaced in 2015.